total of N400bn was received in bribes by public officials within a
period of one year.
Corruption Report, adding that 32.3 per cent of Nigerian adults who had
contact with public officials between June 2015 and May 2016 had to pay
bribes to the government workers.
prepared by the NBS in collaboration with the United Nations Office on
Drugs and Crime.
officials with the frequency of the payments, the NBS report estimated
that a total of 82.3 million bribes were paid in the 12-month period.
nine out of every 10 bribes paid to public officials in Nigeria are paid
in cash and the size of the payments made, it is estimated that the
total amount of bribes paid to public officials in Nigeria in the 12
months was around N400bn, the equivalent of $4.6bn in purchasing power
she spends an average of 28.2 per cent of the average monthly salary of
over the course of one year, 92 per cent of which are paid in cash, they
spend an average of N28,200 annually on cash bribes – equivalent to
12.5 per cent of the annual average salary.”
initiated either directly or indirectly by public officials, adding that
almost 70 per cent of bribes were paid before any service was rendered.
bribes, which are paid upfront, it seems that many public officials show
little hesitation in asking for a kickback to carry out their duty and
that bribery is an established part of the administrative procedure in
Nigeria,” it added.
the report stated that other forms such as the provision of food and
drink, the handing over of valuables or the exchange of another service
or favour also existed.
were paid to speed up or finalise an administrative procedure that might
otherwise be delayed for a long period or even indefinitely.
paid to avoid a fine through frequent encounters with police, while 13
per cent of all bribes are paid to avoid the cancellation of public
utility services, an indication that the provision of the most basic
amenities, including water and sanitation, can be subject to abuse of
power by public officials in Nigeria.
and judiciary workers such as judges and magistrates were the highest
takers of bribe in Nigeria.
whom bribes are most commonly paid in Nigeria. Of all adult Nigerians
who had direct contact with police officers in the 12 months prior to
the survey, almost half paid the officers at least one bribe, and in
many cases, more than one since police officers are also among the three
types of public officials to whom bribes are paid most frequently in
officials than with police officers over the course of the year, when
they do, the risk of bribery is considerable: at 33 per cent, the
prevalence of bribery in relation to prosecutors is the second highest,
closely followed by judges and magistrates.”
the report, are car registration/driving licence officers (28.5 per
cent); tax and customs officers (27.3 per cent); road traffic management
officials (25.5 per cent); public utilities officers (22.4 per cent);
and land registry officers (20.9 per cent).
different sectors of the public administration and that certain public
officials have a disproportionate impact on the daily lives of
Nigerians,” it added.